About the region
Drina – Sava cross – border region – The region of green rivers, a bridge between the East and the West
- Position, countries and municipalities;
The region of Drina-Sava is a specific geographical area, formed from the neighboring municipalities belonging to the territories of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. Situated at the confluence of the Drina and Sava rivers, at the borders of three countries, at the crossroads of important roads – Drina-Sava region looks like a paved carpet made of the finest materials with images of the fertile fields and gardens, meadows and forests, rivers and hills, picturesque villages and the towns, remains of rich history and modern life.
The following municipalities form this specific cross-border area:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bijeljina, Ugljevik, Lopare, Brčko, Donji Žabari
- Croatia: Ilok, Lovas, Tovarnik, Nijemci, Vrbanja, Drenovci, Gunja
- Serbia: Sremska Mitrovica, Šid, Bogatić, Loznica, Šabac
The region is situated in the Panonian Plain, in the valley of the Drina and Sava rivers, and on the slopes of Fruška Gora, Cer and Majevica mountains, area that is rich in forests, and in high-quality land used for agriculture. Splendid nature of the Drina – Sava region will attract the most demanding tourists. It is difficult to pick the favorite among the region’s spacey and rich plains, powerful rivers and their picturesque valleys, or distant mountains overlooking the area. Rich with geothermal waters (Loznica, Šabac), geothermal energy and excellent mineral water (Bijeljina), it has several well-known spa centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Serbia (Banja Dvorovi – Bijeljina and Spa centers Koviljača, Badanja and Radalja in Loznica). Rafting and related activities are performed on the Drina River (Loznica). The region has excellent fishing grounds (Bijeljina) with the three artificial lakes (Donji Žabari) as well as many rivers and lakes.
Historically the Drina – Sava area has been known as a crossroads of cultures. It has been a juncture between the Latin and Greek bodies of the Roman Empire, the destination of a massive influx of pagan Slavs, an area where Orthodox and Catholic Christianity met, as well as the meeting point between Islam and Christianity. Culture treasuring centuries of life in the region has been preserved by local communities, but rich culture of the Drina-Sava region is mostly nourished and developed by the culture institutions and culture associations existing and working in the region. There is a large number of libraries, museums, galleries, theaters that keep cultural identity of the region and its inhabitants.
The diversity of architectural styles in the Drina-Sava region speaks about numerous historical changes and cultural influences over the centuries. It will not take a visitor much time to get familiar with a variety of styles and walk along the sites built in the era of Ancient Rome, visit the medieval Christian churches and monasteries, take a tour around the monuments from the Ottoman Empire, enjoy the view of Austrian Hungarian buildings, catch glimpses of Yugoslav architecture and witness modern day construction styles. Typical traditional handicrafts include: wood industry, embroidery, needlework (zlatovez, necanje, belivez), field candles, weaving and basket knitting
Any visitor to the region will be welcomed with a traditional šljivovica (plum brandy) or some other fruit brandy produced from a variety of sorts grown in the area. Full tastes of the region will be felt with delicious cured meat products (Sremski kulen and Slavonski kulen) or dishes made of mangulitza pig, black slavonian pig whose bacon is appreciated worldwide. If you are in the mood for a unique specialty, you can taste donkey milk from Zasavica, while those who would opt for more typical products can embellish their meals with quality wines, Ilok wine being the best known one.
The economy of the Drina-Sava cross border region greatly relies on agriculture. The most important sectors of regional economy are agriculture and food processing industry that are key drivers of local and regional development. Some other sectors, such as construction, timber, metal chemical and textile/clothing industries also have potentials